​Production and Types of Stainless Steel: The Way of Corrosion Resistance

July 24, 2023

Introduction As an important metal material, stainless steel has excellent corrosion resistance and diverse uses, and is widely used in construction, manufacturing, medical equipment, food processing and other fields. This article will introduce you to the production process and main types of stainless steel, and take you deep into this remarkable material.

I. Production Process of Stainless Steel 

The production process of stainless steel involves multiple key steps, including raw materials procurement, smelting, rolling, and heat treatment.

Raw Materials Procurement

The main components of stainless steel are iron, chromium, nickel and other elements. In the production process, selecting high-quality raw materials is crucial to ensuring the quality of the final product. Manufacturers will purchase suitable metal raw materials from reliable suppliers to ensure the accuracy of the alloy composition.


The raw materials are smelted, and the iron alloy is mixed with other alloy elements in appropriate proportions. During the smelting process, factors such as temperature, atmosphere, and alloy composition are strictly controlled to ensure the even distribution and stable quality of various elements in the alloy.


After smelting, the alloy is sent to a rolling mill and shaped into coils or sheets through hot or cold rolling methods. The rolling process can not only adjust the thickness of stainless steel, but also improve its mechanical properties and surface quality.

Heat Treatment

Heat treatment is one of the key steps in the production of stainless steel. By controlling the heating and cooling process of the material, the crystal structure is changed, and the hardness, strength, and toughness of the material are enhanced to meet the needs of different applications.

II. Main Types of Stainless Steel 

There are many types of stainless steel, which can be divided into the following categories based on their composition, application scenarios, and performance characteristics:

Ferritic Stainless Steel

Ferritic stainless steel contains high iron and chromium content. Common models include 304 and 316. It has good corrosion resistance, toughness and weldability, and is widely used in construction, kitchenware, home decoration and other fields.

Iron-Chromium-Nickel Series Stainless Steel

This type of stainless steel is mainly composed of iron, chromium and nickel, and has excellent corrosion resistance and strength. The most common models are 304, 316, 321, etc. Iron-chromium-nickel series stainless steel is widely used in chemical industry, marine environment, medical equipment and other fields.

Iron-Chromium-Molybdenum Series Stainless Steel

Iron-chromium-molybdenum series stainless steel usually adds a certain proportion of nickel on the basis of molybdenum content. This type of stainless steel performs well in strong acid and alkali environments, and common models include 316L, 317, etc. They are widely used in corrosive environments such as chemical industry and seawater treatment.

Duplex Stainless Steel

Duplex stainless steel is a type of stainless steel with good comprehensive performance, composed of ferrite and austenite crystals. It has excellent corrosion resistance and high strength, and is suitable for petroleum, chemical industry, marine engineering and other fields.

High-Temperature Alloy Stainless Steel

High-temperature alloy stainless steel has excellent high-temperature strength and heat resistance, and can be used for a long time in high-temperature environments. This type of stainless steel is commonly used in high-temperature processes such as refining and power generation.


As an important metal material, the production process of stainless steel is precise and complex, but through strict control and scientific proportioning, various types of stainless steel with different characteristics have been produced to meet the requirements of various industries for corrosion resistance, strength and aesthetics. With the continuous progress of technology, the application fields of stainless steel will be broader, making greater contributions to the progress and development of human society.

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